Chapter 18.80   OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS

Sections:


18.80.010   Intent

It is the intent of this section to:

A.

Assure that space is provided for the parking, loading and unloading of motor vehicles on the site of premises or uses which attract motor vehicles.

B.

Provide minimum standards of space and parking arrangements, and for the movement of motor vehicles into and out of such spaces.

C.

Avoid or reduce traffic congestion on public streets by:

1.

Minimizing the need for on-street parking; and

2.

Controlling access to sites.

D.

Enhance safety for pedestrians and motor vehicle operators.

E.

Encourage the creation of an aesthetically pleasing and functionally adequate system of off-street parking and loading facilities.

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009)

18.80.020   General requirements.

A.

Off-street parking spaces and driveways required by this chapter shall not be used at any time for purposes other than their intended use, e.g., the temporary storage of motor vehicles used by persons visiting or having business to conduct on the premises for which the parking is provided, unless a temporary use as been authorized by this title.

B.

Minimum parking spaces required and intended for use by occupants or users of specific premises shall not be leased or rented to others, nor shall such space be made unavailable through other means to the users for whom the parking spaces are intended. This, however, does not preclude shared parking arrangements.

C.

Except where specifically permitted in certain zoning districts, off-street parking spaces shall not be used for loading or unloading of commercial vehicles larger than those vehicles for which the parking spaces are intended.

D.

Whenever a building or a parcel of land is put to a use different from the immediately preceding use, or when a building is remodeled, reconstructed or expanded, adequate off-street parking shall be provided consistent with the new use, reconstruction or expansion of the premises.

E.

Site development activities are prohibited if they would either render a site or land use nonconforming as to the standards of this chapter or make the site more nonconforming.

F.

These regulations shall not be retroactive to include any building or use existing at the time of passage of this code, except as follows:

1.

When a building is located on a different site, off-street parking spaces shall be provided as required for a new building;

2.

Within any three-year period, when an addition to a building or expansion of an existing use would result in the requirement to provide five or less additional parking stalls, then additional off-street parking need not be provided.

3.

Whenever any existing nonresidential use is changed to another use in the same building, the requirements of this chapter shall only apply in full to the new use if the change in parking requirements between the old and new use is greater than five spaces.

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009)

18.80.030   Minimum requirements.

A.

The requirements for off-street parking and loading facilities and their design shall be regarded as the minimum; however, the owner, developer, or operator of the premises for which the parking facilities are intended shall be responsible for providing adequate amount and arrangement of space for the particular premises even though such space or its arrangement is in excess of the minimum set forth in this title.

B.

For conditional uses permitted under this title that are not within a category in the table at 18.80.030(E), the parking requirement shall be as provided by the applicable decision maker in the conditions of approval.

C.

There shall be no parking or loading allowed in any required side or rear yard that abuts a residential zone.

D.

The parking requirement tables (subsections (E), (F), and (G) below) group uses in the zone in which they are most commonly found, but these uses may also be permitted in other zones and are subject to the same parking standards.

E.

Parking requirements in residential zones, unless otherwise modified by other provisions within this code.

USES
REQUIRED SPACES

(*Gross sq ft of primary building area)
Single-family dwellings 2
Multi-family structures (3 or more dwellings) 1.75 per unit
Multi-family studio/efficiency dwellings 1 per unit
Senior housing ¾ per unit
Manufactured home on individual lot 2
Manufactured or mobile home in a manufactured home park 2 per home, of which one may be located in on-site, shared parking areas
Religious institutions, less than 10,000 gsf* 0.5 per seat or 4 lineal feet of pew space or 1 per 4 seats

 

F.

Parking Requirements in Commercial Zones.

USES
REQUIRED SPACES

(*Gross sq ft of primary building area)
Retail, 10,000 gsf* and less 1 per 350 gsf*
Retail, over 10,000 gsf* 1 per 300 gsf*
Restaurant 1 per 150 gsf*
Theaters and places of public assembly 1 per 4 seats
Entertainment/Culture 1 per 4 seats
General Office 1 per 500 gsf*
Personal and Professional Service 1 per 400 gsf*
Public Uses/Facilities Depends on use and determined at site plan review
Major Institution Depends on use and conditions of approval
Multi-family residential structures in a mixed-use project 1.5 per unit in a free-standing building; 1 per unit if within a mixed-use building
Day Care Center serving more than 12 children Minimum of 6, plus one for each employee
Religious Institutions, 10,000 gsf* or larger 0.7 per seat or 4 lineal feet of pew space or 1 per 4 seats

 

G.

Parking Requirements in Business/Industrial Park and Industrial Zones.

USES
REQUIRED SPACES

(*Gross sq ft of primary building area)
Research and Development 1 per employee, plus 0.5 per 1,000 gsf*
Light Manufacturing 1 per employee, plus 0.25 per 1,000 gsf*
Heavy Manufacturing 1 per employee, plus 0.25 per 1,000 gsf*
Business Support Services 1 per 400 gsf*
Warehousing and Distribution 1 per 1,000 gsf, plus 1 per 400 gsf* of office
Wholesaling 1 per 1,000 gsf, plus 1 per 400 gsf* of office or display

 

* gsf = gross square feet

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009; Ord. No. 948, § 56, 10-7-2010)

18.80.040   Off-street loading.

Off-street loading shall be provided for commercial, business /industrial park and industrial uses as follows:

Total Gross Floor Area of Building(s) Space Required
Less than 5,000 sq. ft. 1
5,000 sq. ft. to 25,000 sq. ft. 2
25,000 sq. ft. to 50,000 sq. ft. 3
Each additional 50,000 sq. ft. or fraction thereof in excess of 25,000 sq. ft. 1 additional

 

All off-street loading and unloading spaces shall be of adequate size and with adequate access thereto to accommodate a vehicle forty-five feet in length, eight feet in width, and fourteen feet in height. Each loading space shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete or similar pavement so as to provide a surface that is durable and dust-free and shall be so graded and drained as to properly dispose of all surface water.

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009)

18.80.045   Stacking space requirements for drive-up windows.

Businesses including drive-up windows shall provide at least six stacking spaces for each window, equal to fifteen linear feet for each stacking space.

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009)

18.80.050   Development standards.

A.

Parking lot construction shall provide surfaces sufficient for the function and loads for which such lots are intended.

1.

Within residential zones, required parking shall be accessed by a driveway improved with an all-weather surface (crushed rock, gravel, asphalt or concrete). Driveway approaches within the public right-of-way to the public street shall be improved in compliance with the city's Public Works Standards.

2.

In all zones, parking areas for more than four vehicles shall be surfaced with asphalt, concrete or similar pavement so as to provide a surface that is durable and dust-free and shall be so graded and drained as to properly dispose of all surface water.

B.

Parking Area Design.

1.

Ingress and Egress. The location of all points of ingress and egress to parking areas shall be subject to the review and approval of the city.

2.

Backing Out Prohibited. In all nonresidential developments and in all residential buildings containing five or more dwelling units, parking areas shall be so arranged as to make it unnecessary for a vehicle to back out into any street or public right-of-way; provided that, the director may approve direct individual parking stall access to private or public alleys.

3.

Parking Spaces—Access and Dimensions. Adequate provision shall be made for individual ingress and egress by vehicles to all parking stalls at all times by means of unobstructed maneuvering aisles. Maneuvering aisles and parking stall dimensions shall be as shown in Diagrams 1, 2, and 3 of this chapter.

4.

Compact Car Parking Spaces. In all parking facilities containing twenty-five or more parking spaces, a maximum of twenty-five percent of the required parking spaces may be reduced in size for the use of compact cars, provided these spaces shall be clearly identified markings containing the notation, "compact" spaces designed for compact cars may be reduced in size to a minimum of seven and one-half feet in width and fifteen feet in length.

C.

Location of Parking. The following provisions shall apply in all zoning districts:

1.

Single-family dwellings: required parking shall be located on the same lot as the building it is to serve.

2.

Multifamily dwellings: required parking may be on a contiguous lot in the same zone if located within a walking distance of five hundred feet of dwelling units. The lot shall be legally encumbered by an easement or other appropriate means to ensure continuous use of the parking facilities. Documentation shall require review and approval of the city attorney.

3.

Other uses: may be in areas other than on the premises if the required amount of parking area is set aside for a particular use in such a lot, and such area is located within a walking distance of five hundred feet from the premises and is in the same zone as the use. The lot or area to be utilized shall be legally encumbered by an easement or other appropriate means to ensure continuous use of the parking facilities. Documentation shall require review and approval of the city attorney.

4.

Whenever required parking facilities are located off-site, sidewalks, or an approved pedestrian facility, shall be provided connecting the satellite parking facility to the development being served. If lighting is provided, it shall be installed in conformance with Chapter 18.70.

D.

Mixed Occupancies and Shared Uses.

1.

In the case of two or more principal uses in the same building or when a residential use is located on the same development site as a commercial use, the total requirements for off-street parking facilities shall not exceed seventy-five percent of the sum of the requirements for the principal uses computed separately.

2.

Other than for residential uses, in order for a use to be considered a separate principal use under the terms of this section, the uses must be physically and managerially separated in a manner which clearly sets the principal uses apart as separate businesses or operations. Various activities associated with single businesses shall not be considered separate uses.

E.

Reduced Parking Demand Study.

1.

The director may be allow a development to provide less than the required parking spaces by submitting a parking study that describes how parking demand can be met with a reduced parking requirement. Reasons for reducing the parking requirement under this section may include, but are not limited to:

a.

Unique characteristics of the use;

b.

Location adjacent to transit facilities; or

c.

Adoption of an approved transportation demand management plan.

(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009)

18.80.060   Motorcycle/bicycle parking requirements.

A.

Parking spaces for motorcycles shall be provided as follows:

1.

All multiple-family developments and nonresidential uses may provide one motorcycle space for every twenty-five required automobile spaces in lieu of a required automobile space.

2.

Each motorcycle space shall be easily accessible and have adequate space for a standard-size motorcycle.

3.

Motorcycle parking areas shall be clearly identified with appropriate striping.

B.

All commercial, industrial, institutional, and recreational uses which require twenty-five or more parking spaces pursuant to this chapter shall provide a designated bicycle parking area to accommodate a minimum of five bicycles. Such bicycle parking areas shall provide a secure facility (e.g., rack, posts) to which to lock bicycles and shall be located so as to be reasonably convenient to the on-site use and not interfere with pedestrian and automobile traffic. Prior to issuing permits for facilities requiring one hundred or more parking spaces pursuant to this title and/or uses with high expected bicycle traffic (e.g., schools) the director may require reasonable additional bicycle parking capacity over and above the minimum five spaces.

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(Ord. No. 909, § 2 (Exh. A), 6-18-2009))